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北京家教中心:高一英语阅读理解练习


来源:北京家教中心 日期:2018/11/25
A
Waller was a liked-by-all fellow full of fun who often went to coffee houses to tell people interesting stories, of which some even brought him some money. One day, asked by an office secretary who told Waller that his boss was a never-seen before serious man and he never even smiled. Waller would tell a most funny story. “Well, sir,”Waller said before he began the story, “What will be given in return of mine succeeds?”“$100,”replied the secretary.“I haven’t seen him have a bright face since I worked in his office.”
“Then let’s make it.”Waller went to the man’s table and whispered to him, “Please tell your boss that the funny man Waller’s hen gave birth to a baby.”
Three days later a letter reached Mr Waller in which were $100 and a piece of yellow paper with the words, “Mr Waller, you have succeeded—When I repeated your $100-worth sentence, my boss burst into frightening laughter, saying that whoever has managed to make him laugh during the business hours will get dismissed(解雇)!”
56.Waller often went to coffee houses to tell people interesting stories in order to_____________.
A.make money            B.practise telling stories  
C.enjoy himself          D.draw the secretary’s attention
57.The secretary asked Waller for a most funny story because he_______________.
A.was tired of his boss’ seriousness     
B.tried to please his serious boss with it
C.wanted to improve his working conditions  
D.wanted to see his boss’s laughing face
58.Saying “Let’s make it”, Waller_______________.
A.was sure of his success          
B.thought of nothing but the 100 dollar return
C.knew that he could make fun of the secretary
D.wondered whether he could make the boss smile or not
 
 
59.Which of the following ends is TRUE according to the passage?
A.The boss was never so strict with the secretary from then on.
B.The secretary lost his job in the office.
C.The secretary dare not make his boss laugh any longer.
D.Mr Waller was dismissed at last.
60.The best title for the passage is _______________.
A.Things Went Opposite to Wishes  B.Satisfying Both Sides
C.Killing Two Birds with One Stone  D.Either Is in His Proper Place
B
Francis Bacon, one of the most important philosophers(哲人) of England, was born in London and educated at Cambridge University. When he was only 15, he went to France to work for the English ambassador (大使). 
Two years later he went back to England to study law. At the age of twenty three he was chosen to parliament (议会). His ideas about how scientists should study things in nature help to bring the modern way of thinking, called the scientific method.     
One of the Bacon`s best-known books was his Essays. Each essay was a short piece of writing in which he tried to give a lesson by discussing sides of a subject such as studying, conversation, friends and healthy living. In many of his books, Bacon explained how scientists should study things as they really existed in nature and then tried to figure out what caused a particular thing to be as it was. Later, by doing experiments, the scientist could see that any one cause would always have the same result. This method, which is called inductive reasoning, is used by all the scientists today, but it was new in Bacon`s time. 
61.According to the passage we know that ____.
  A.Francis Bacon was the most important philosopher of England
  B.Francis Bacon had good education
  C.Francis Bacon worked for a French ambassador at the age of 15
  D.Francis Bacon stayed in France until he was 23 
62.It can be known that Francis Bacon was famous for____. 
  A.inventing the scientific method of studying things in nature
  B.his books      
C.his Essays      
D.being a member of parliament
63.His essay gave many useful lessons on ____. 
  A.studying  B.conversation 
C.friends and healthy living  D.all of the above 
 
 
64.The underlined phrase “inductive reasoning” in the passage means____. 
  A.to discover general laws from particular facts or examples 
  B.to reach a conclusion by reasoning from general laws to a particular case 
  C.to study things as they used to be            
D.to study things in a particular way 
65.Which of the following is NOT true? 
  A.Bacon was a learned man.                  
B.Bacon did a lot of philosophy. 
  C.The inductive reasoning was widely used both today and in Bacon`s time. 
  D.Bacon gave scientists much useful advice.
C
One of the interesting things about Cuba is its educational system. As in many other countries, schools are free. What is unusual is that schools combine study with manual work. Each school has a plot of land where the children work for each day. They plant vegetables, which they weed and water, and later they harvest the crops. In this way they develop good working habits and learn how important it is to produce. Usually, children do not like vegetables such as spinach(菠菜), green beans, or cabbage. But by growing vegetables themselves, Cuban children soon develop a taste for them. During the summer, older children also go to the country to help the farmers with the crops.
In this system, the children spend part of their school time studying and the rest working in the open air helping increase the nation’s production.
66.How is Cuba’s educational system different from that of other countries?
  A.Schools are free.  B.Schools force children to work.
  C.Manual work is emphasized.  D.Schools produce a lot of crops
67.How do Cuban children spend their school time?
  A.Fewer hours for classroom study than for manual work.
  B.Part of the classroom study and the rest for manual work.
  C.Half of the time studying and the other half working on the land.
  D.Most of the time studying and the rest playing in the open air.
68.What do children do for their manual work? 
  A.They plant vegetables.
  B.They harvest the crops they grow.
  C.They help the farmers with their crops.
  D.All of the above.
69.Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?
  A.The nation’s production is increased.
  B.Children go to the country to help the farmers with the crops twice a year.
  C.Children enjoy working in the open air.
  D.Children grow less interested in study.
 
70.What does the word “taste” mean here?
  A.A kind of sense. B.Liking. 
C.Ability to enjoy beauty.  D.Small quantity.
D
On July 16, 1969, the tall and powerful rocket blasted off (点火起飞) from Cape Kennedy. The Apollo II separated from the rocket when it was far out in space. The spaceship traveled very fast and in four days the astronauts reached the moon.
The Apollo II spaceship had three parts. One of them was called the lunar module,which was the only part of the spaceship that would land on the moon. Near the moon, the lunar module separated form the rest of the Apollo II spaceship. TWO of the three astronauts traveled down to the Apollo II spaceship, moving on in the orbit of the moon. Then came the exciting moment.
ON the night of July 20, the lunar module successfully landed on the moon.
71.How many days did the astronauts spend traveling from the earth to the moon?
A.4 days    B.5 days    C.3 days    D.Not mentioned
72.Theroket can be described as _______?
A.powerful    B. lovely  C. tall  D. both C and D
73.Which of the following landed on the moon?
A.The rocket.
B.The Apollo II spaceship.
C.The other two parts except the lunar module.
D.The lunar module.
74.The landing on the moon was considered_______?
A.a failure    B.a disaster    C.a success    D.an accident
75. What is the best title of the passage?
A.American Astronauts’ Mission.
B.Apollo II’s Successful Flight to the moon. 
C.One of the Great Wonders in the word.
D.Apollo II Spaceship.
 
参考答案:
56-60.CBABA  61--65.BBDAC   66-70.CBDAB
71-75 .ADDCB 
 

 

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